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Climate Change References:

(NB: Some sites may require payment for access.)

Anon (2001) IPCC Web Resource- Mandate and Membership of the IPCC Accessed 21/10/04

Anon (2003) New Scientist, Hot Topics; Climate Change: – Accessed 28/10/2004

Anon (2003) World Climate Report- Feature: hockey stick vs. wet noodle 23/10/04

Anon (2004) Putin Signs Bill to Ratify Kyoto Protocol The Associated Press, Nov. 5Anyuittug National Park

Antonio Regalado (2003), Global Warming Sceptics are Facing Storm Clouds. The Wall Street Journal, July 31

Berner RA Paleoclimate – The rise of plants and their effect on weathering and atmospheric CO2 Science 276: 544-546 Apr 25 1997

Bond G, Kromer B, Beer J, et al. Persistent solar influence on north Atlantic climate during the Holocene
Science 294 (5549): 2130-2136 Dec 7 2001

Briffa, K.R Annual climate variability in the Holocene; interpreting the message of ancient trees Quaternary Science 19, 87-105 2000

Cammell ME, and Knight JD, 1992 Effects of Climate Change on the Population Dynamics of Crop Pests Advances in Ecological Research 22: 117-156

Climate Change 2001- IPCC Third Assessment Report, Cambridge University Press. Online at:

Climate Change Scenarios for the United Kingdon: the UK climate impacts programme 2002 (UKCIP02) Scientific report

Hulme, M., Jenkins, G.J., Lu, X., Turnpenny, J.R., Mitchell, T.D., Jones, R.G., Lowe, J., Murphy, J.M., Hassell, D., Boorman, P., McDonald, R. and Hill, S.

Crowley TJ Lowery T How warm was the Medieval Warm Period? A comment on “Man-made” versus Natural Climate Change Atmospheric Biology 29: 51-54 2000

Daly J (1997) A Discernible Human Influence… Accessed 21/10/04.

Easterling DR, Horton B, Jones PD, et al. Maximum and minimum temperature trends for the globe Science 277 (5324): 364-367 JUL 18 1997

Esper, J., E.R. Cook, and F. H. Schweingruber Low-frequency signals in long tree-ring chronologies for reconstructing past temperature variability Science, 295, 2250–2253 2002

Folland CK, Rayner NA, Brown SJ, et al. Global temperature change and its uncertainties since 1861 Geophysical Research Letters 28 (13): 2621-2624 JUL 1 2001

Grubb M (2004) Climate Change Challenge 1: Scientific Evidence and Implications- The Carbon Trust

Hall A, Manabe S The role of water vapour feedback in unperturbed climate variability and global warming Journal of Climate12 (8): 2327-2346 Part 1 Aug 1999Cornfield

Hansen J, Ruedy R, Glascoe J, et al. GISS analysis of surface temperature change
J Geophysical Research atmosphere 104 (D24): 30997-31022 DEC 27 1999

Held IM, Soden BJ Water vapor feedback and global warming Annual Review of Energy and Environment 25: 441-475 2000

Houghton et al. (2001) Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis Published for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Cambridge University Press

Hulme M (2001) Global warming: should we implement the Kyoto Protocol? Spiked Science Debate. Sponsored by the Natural Environment Research Council. – accessed 01/11/04

Jones PD, New DE, Barnett TP High Resolution Palaeoclimatic Records for the Last Millennium: Integration, Interpretation and Comparison with General Circulation Model Control Run Temperatures Holocene 8: 455-471 1998

Kirby A (2004) Climate gas cuts ‘are affordable’ – BBC News – accessed 03/11/04

Kuo C, Lindberg C, Thomson DJ Coherence Established Between Atmospheric carbon Dioxide and Global Temperature Nature 343: 709-714 Feb 22 1990

Langdon C Takahashi T Sweeny C Chipman D Goddard J Marubini F Aceves H Barnett H Atkinson MJ Effect of calcium carbonate state on the calcification rate of an experimental coral reef Global Biogeochemical Cycles 14 (2): 639-654 Jun 2000

Lindzen RS Climate Dynamics and Global Change Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 26: 353-378 1994

Lomborg, Bjørn, (2001) The skeptical environmentalist: measuring the real state of the world Cambridge University Press.

Mann ME, Amman C, Bradley RS, Briffa K, Jones P et al. Forum: On Past Temperatures and Anomalous Late-20th Century Warmth Eos 84: 256-258 July 8 2003

Mann ME, Bradley RS, Hughes MK Global-scale Temperature Patterns and Climate Forcing Over the Past Six Centuries Nature 392: 779-787 Apr 23 1998

Mann ME, Bradley RS, Hughes MK Northern Hemisphere Temperatures During the Past Millennium: Inferences, uncertainties, and Limitations Geophysical Research Letters 26: 759-762 Mar 15 1999Classic cumulus

Michaels P, and Knappenberger P Human effect on global climate? Nature 384: 522-523 Dec 12 1996

Phil Jones (2000)- Climatic Research Unit. The Millennial Temperature Record -Assessed 23/10/04

Reaser JK, Pomerance R, Thomas PO Coral bleaching and global climate change: Scientific findings and policy recommendations Conservation Biology 14 (5): 1500-1511 Oct 2000

Santer et al A Search for Human Influences on the Thermal Structure of the Atmosphere Nature 382: 39-46 July 4 1996

Seager R, Battisti DS, Yin J, et al. Is the Gulf Stream responsible for Europe’s mild winters? Q J ROY Meteor SOC 128 (586): 2563-2586 Part B Oct 2002

Solanki, Uroskin, Krmoer, Schussler, Beer Unusual Activity of the Sun During Recent Decades Compared to the Previous 11,000 years Nature 431 1084-1087 Oct 28 2004

Soon W Baliunas S Proxy Climatic and Environmental Changes of the Past 1000 Years Climate Research 23: 89-110 Jan 31 2003

Soon W, Baliunas SL, Robinson AB, et al. Environmental effects of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide Climate Research 13: 49-164 Oct 26 1999

Soon WH, Posmentier ES, Baliunas SL Inference of Solar Irradiance Variability from Terrestrial Temperature Changes, 1880-1993: An astrophysical Application of the Sun-Climate Connection Astrophysical Journal 472: 891-902 Dec 1 1996

Spencer RW, Braswell WD How dry is the tropical free troposphere? Implications for global warming theory Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78 (6): 1097-1106 Jun1997

Spencer RW, Christy JR Precise Monitoring of Global Temperature Trends from Satellites Science 247: 1558-1562 Mar 30 1990

Understanding Climate Change: A Beginner’s Guide to the UN Framework Convention and it’s Kyoto Protocol- UNFCCC, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), 2002.

UNEP (2002) Climate Change Information Kit – assessed 06/11/04Bridge linking Somerset Village to Watford Bermuda

UNFCCC (2004) press release: Russian decision on ratification- major step towards entry into force of Kyoto Protocol 7 Oct

Weber GR Human effect on global climate? Nature 384: 523-524 Dec 12 1996

Wentz FJ, Schabel M Effects of Orbital Decay on Satellite-Derived Lower-Tropospheric Temperature Trends Nature 349: 661-664 Aug 13 1998

Wentz FJ, Schabel M Precise climate monitoring using complementary satellite data sets Nature 403 (6768): 414-416 Jan 27 2000